Vision and Objectives of the Ministry of Urban Development and Housing
1- Ministry’s main objectives:
a) Establishing a favorable urban system in a way that all parts of the country have access to necessary services.
b) Creating healthy cities based on the principles of the sustainable development.
c) Providing all citizens access to basic services and infrastructure.
d) Maintaining social welfare in the field of housing
2- Strategy of the Ministry:
According to the National Development Strategy of the country, this strategy has been set up for five years 2011-2013, in order to achieve the goals of the urban sector. The urban sector strategy is such that the Ministry of Urban Affairs: it is responsible for the guidance and development of established policies in urban areas, the support of municipalities and the preparation of master plans for urban planning, building, maintenance, and maintenance of houses, which is the foundation of the Ministry of Urban Planning and Construction The strategy seeks to define its tasks and responsibilities in the urban and constructional affairs.
The Ministry of Urban Development and Municipal Affairs, in accordance with the Afghanistan National Development Strategy (ANDS), has set out its plans in the 6th National Plan, in order to respond to the current challenges and achieve the goals of the urban sector, as described below. These programs have been identified and prioritized by the technical team and urban experts and have been moved to this strategy…
Program 1: National Housing Program
Basic Target: By 2014, around 30% of the poor people will have affordable housing.
v Draft of the housing policy will be completed and will be legal.
v Around 150 thousand housing will be designed and their construction will proceed.
v Bank loans facilities will be created.
v Around 500 thousand housing will be planned.
Program 2: National Program Improvement
Basic Target: Review of a policy for the improvement of non-provincial areas and its legal procedures.
v The national policy for the improvement of non-planar areas will be prepared and established and will act as a law in the country after the approval of the Council of Ministers.
v Minimum urban services will be provided for 30% of non-urban areas.
v For 20% of the population living in non-planned areas, affordable housing will be provided with long-term loans.
v The further development of non-planning areas is severely prevented.
Program 3: National Program Strategy and Construction of Urban Infrastructure
Basic target: By 2015, the basic infrastructure plans will be prepared for major cities.
v Including 148 City Plans for Urban Infrastructure, 8 large cities will be designed and their construction will proceed.
v Around 50% of urban population will have access to water.
v Around 30% of Kabul city will have a canalization system.
Program 4: National Program to prepare master plans for urban public
Basic Target: BY 2014, including 148 existing cities, 100% of them will be provided with master plans and detailed plans will be developed.
v Major master plans will be implemented and will be monitored
v Master Plan for 148 cities will be prepared.
v Detailed plans will be prepared for 90% of the plans already planned.
v The economic and social studies of all cities will be finalized.
Program 5: Urban Information System Program
Basic Target: By 2014, the urban information system will be established in collaboration with the Central Statistics Office.
v Urban Information System will be created and operationalized in the ministry
v Urban monitoring system will be established.
Program 6: Administration Reform Program
Basic Target: Organizational structure amendment is a priority in order for the ministry to implement the planned work plans in accordance with its strategy.
v A new organizational structure will be designed,
v Modification of the financial, administrative, and procurement system,
v Establishment of independent financial, administrative, and logistical departments with modern management to meet the needs of the Ministry Woks.
Human resources and capacity building
Program 7: protecting and preserving Historical cities
Basic Target: Reorganization of all historical cities, valuable historical sites, and the establishment of comprehensive plans to protect them.
v Preparation of Ghazni City for 2013, in which is determined as the culture of the Islamic world.
v Finalize plans for the conservation and monitoring of Afghanistan's historic cities and their implementation.
v All employees will be prepared to address the growing challenges of the city and the challenges of today's technology, through short-term, medium-term and long-term strategies, with the assistance of the Office of Independent Administrative Reform.
v Monitor and evaluate the implementation of the Ministry of Supervision System to monitor the quantity and quality of projects. Monitor projects over time and time and use it to help plan future plans.
Responsibilities and obligations of the Ministry of Urban Development and housing on the basis of the Afghanistan National Development Strategy (ANDS)
The Afghanistan National Development Strategy (ANSF) is a plan to achieve progress that has been based on Afghanistan's development goals over the past decade and is used as a poverty reduction strategy document in Afghanistan.
The main objectives of this strategy are generally composed of three main pillars: (MDG)
3- Economic and Social Development
As can be seen in the context of the ANDS urban sector as a subsector under the name of Urban Development in the third part of the infrastructure and natural resources are considered, the third part of one of the six existing sectors under the third pillar or pillars of economic and social development is, however, the urban sector, sub-sector third place with other sectors, particularly electricity, water, roads, transportation, mining and natural resources are linked. In addition, the urban sector is associated with all sectors of the third pillar, in particular, economic governance and private sector development, social security, health, education, agriculture and rural development, and the other two pillars of governance and security.
According to the National Development Strategy, the Ministry of Urban Development and Housing is in charge of urban planning and policy leadership, support of municipalities, urban development and preparation of Masterplans given below:
a) Urban management:
1- approving and implementing of the initial national urban policy.
2- Urban and regional plans for major urban areas.
3- Providing regional development strategy plans for all regions of the country.
4- Strengthening the capacity of municipalities.
5- Creating revenue and capacity improvement programs in 34 provinces or major cities.
6- Urban Development plans, including plans provided for infrastructure investment in 25 major cities.
7- institutional capacity backed by scientific plans, institutional reform for the effective administration of the city in 34 provinces and major cities.
b) Infrastructure and Urban Services:
1- Active water policy plan
2- completion of irrigation projects funded by (ARTF / KFW) with the aim of using underground water, to reach 50% of Kabul’s households.
3- Around 50% of families have access to piped water in Kabul.
4- Around 30% of families have access to water in provincial cities
Sanitation in Kabul:
5- Establishment of hygiene toilets for 30% of families in Kabul
6- Possibility of better sanitation for 50% of households
Sanitation in the provinces:
7- Access to improved sanitation by 30% of households.
8- better facilities discharge wastewater for 30% of households.
Preservation of old and historical and heritage cities:
9- preserving historical sites
10- providing list of the historical sites
11- the detailed plans of preserving historical sites
Upgrading of non-planning areas, land development and housing development:
1- Around 50% will have access to land and urban shelter
2- Increase by 30% in the provision of public land for shelter and urban development activities.
3- Provision of housing in 12 provinces