Urban planning is aimed at attaining balanced development and maintaining the sustainability of a city environment through the formulation of schemes and plans for cities such as master plans, strategic plans, detailed plans and regional development plans that study the quality of spaces, physical quality design, the presentation of physical designs of spaces, and the recognition of urban physical quality, are creating physical collections in which more attention is paid to the quality of the spaces and the physical quality of the designs.
1- Master Plans:
The Master Plan of a city that determines the predictions for city development is of prime importance to Afghanistan's development. The Ministry of Urban Development and Housing has reviewed the Master Plan for major cities and towns that have been built, to be in line with modern urbanization.
1- The assessment of the Kandahar master plan is in its fourth stage, about 85 % of its work is completed.
2- The master plan of the Herat city was under the process and about 40 % is completed.
3- Work is in progress in review of Mazar-e-Sharif and Jalalabad cities’ Master Plans, and in the second phase, about 25 % of its work has already been developed.
4- The work in review of the Master Plan of the Bamyan city in co-ordination with the University of Florence of Italy is practically in progress, at the stage of carrying out the survey of the economic community. And the work on it is about 40 %, which is in the second phase 40% of work has been developed which is in the 2nd phase.
5- The appraisal of the Master Plan of Kunduz city is gradually moving forward due to security problems in the province, about 5% work has been developed in the 1st phase.
6- Urban Master Plans for the city of Pol-E-Alam and the Master Plan of the city of Khost are under the guidance of the technical team of the Ministry and are in the final stages.
7- The Master Plan for Pol-E-Alam, Logar province was presented at the eighth session of the Supreme Council for Urban Development.
2- Strategic Plans:
Strategic plans are plans made for cities that have no Master Plan at all. The preparation of a strategic plan will determine the direction of growth and development of cities, and liberate cities from unaccountability’s and provide them with a path for improvement. To date, the Ministry of Urban Development and Housing has built a strategic plan for more than 100 cities in the country.
In the last year few years, 38 strategic plans have been carried out in 17 provinces including the cities of Sorkhrood, Dareh-e-Nour and Koz-e Kunar of Nangarhar Province, Feyzabad and Orgohi of Badakhshan Provinces, Khwaje Dukouh and Shiberghan of Jawzjan Province, Stalif, Musai and Kakalkan of Kabul province, Saed Abad, Chak and Narkh of Maidan Wardak province, Shernah of Paktika province, Muhammad Agha, Khushi and Baraki Barak of Logar province, and Roee Du Aab of Samangan province were completed. And the strategic plan of Zaranj city of Nimroz province, Jaghatto and Maqor of Ghazni province, Tagab and Mahmud Raqi of Kapisa province, Jalgah of Baghlan province, Paron of Nuristan province, Nilly, Giti, Kajran and Ashtarli in Daikondi, Zazi Ariob, Chamkani, Saed Karm, Gardez of Paktia province, Maimana, Qaram and Andkhoy of Faryab province, Rabat Sangi and Islam Qala of Herat Province have also been revised.
3- Detailed Plans:
Completion of 30 detailed plans in 12 provinces, including 9 districts of Kabul city (Cole Heshmat Khan, Mihand square from Chaman to Chawk and from Chawk to Cinema Pamir, Qala Zaman Khan, Koolole Poshta, from Bibi Mehro to Arya Township, Darulaman Area, Textile Bagrami Complex Areas, Carpet weaving areas, Behsood, Seah Sang And parts 1, 2 and 3 of Jalalabad city, Carpet weavers areas in Hairatan the city of Mazar-e-Sharif , Sayad, Gosfandi, Parche 5 and 6 of Sar-i-Pol province, national security’s townships, Paktia province, Poshtah-E-Sorkh of Jabal-e-Seraj in Parwan province, lands for the directorates of Herat, Takhar, the 2nd Phase of Laghman, the 1st and 2nd areas for township of Aaqenah of Faryab, the reform and development plan of Gonbadak Bamiyan and Nilly of Daikundi have been prepared and designed.
4- Regional Development Plans:
In fact, regional studies are the key to achieving a comprehensive and sustainable development in all countries, and for many years regional planning has become the focus of industrialized nations, because the nature of "regional planning" is such that for the problems and The political, economic, social, cultural, and physical problems of the country provide appropriate solutions and outlines the main orientation of balanced growth and developmental lines, the general direction of the movement of planners and executives, ministries and sectorial organizations is highlighted. Therefore, regional plans are physical plans, also known as Spatial Planning, in fact, regional planning for the better distribution of the population and human activities In the field of natural resources and in order to increase the welfare and development of society.
5- Regional Development Plans’ Goals:
· Developing a system that maintain balanced development between the cities and villages across the country.
· Economic development through revenue of resources in the region.
· Coherence of the development activities of various organs in the region.
· Eliminating poverty through employment by using resources.
· Create and maintain a healthy environment.
· Promoting people's living standards.
6- Urban improvement:
Improvement section at the Department of Urban Planning and Housing with Pathology and Politics analysis – programs and actions has been undertaken in the field of rehabilitation and modernization, earlier experiences and global experiences that cause the city to engage and re-read the city and understand the issues properly. And the problems encountered in cities, with the knowledge of the challenges ahead, as well as existing capacities, have formulated a new policy in the form of a new urban agenda called "Inventory and Inefficient Areas", this policy seeks to promote the sign of the capability and quality of urban life with a comprehensive approach, participatory process of the baseline, strategic, urban and community-based process, the policy which is for the supporting organization and prevention of the expansion of unplanned areas and incompetent urban areas is under development and execution.
Residences and target limitation design for improvement and empowerment
· Minority of Historical Cities.
· Useless tissues.
· Urban areas with rural background.
· Un-official settlements.
Rehabilitation and empowerment process activists:
In the design of new rehabilitation projects, people are considered to be the main focal point and the most important of these schemes. The other three main forces that are leading the process are the government, municipalities and the private sector, which will coordinate and accompany each and every role.
As the 1st and the most important community in the process of rehabilitation and empowerment, the main basis of active participation in the design process is considered to be (residents, employees, renters, owners, clients).
· Privet Sector:
Includes a technical and vocational society (including all the specialized companies and manufacturers of builders, professionals, investors and institutions providing capital), the elite community (Includes a collection of apparatus that are in the field of research, investigation, education, and influential peoples’ ideas and authoritative studies(.
Local Shoras (clusters), District attorneys, directorate of Sectors departments, municipalities as the central authority for managing operational programs.
Empowerment and execution equipment, In the process of improving and empowering cities, it have the accountability and play the role of sovereignty, political, facilitator, sponsor, monitoring and evaluation on a national level.
In the meantime, two facilitating institutions (rehabilitation and empowerment offices in the range of targeted areas in the provinces as well as developers are the communication links between the three pillars.
Developers, in addition to creating chance for centralizing the finance system, planning programs, designing and implementing measures, executing coordination with the government and municipalities. Facilitators also play an important role in linking residents, landlords, governments and municipalities, and they have its accountabilities on their shoulders.